WP12: Empowering economic development Latin America

Objective
This work package focuses on natural disaster reduction.
The EOPOWER actions contribute to a better understanding about natural disaster risk reduction that helps policy makers to manage risk reduction and decision makers to evaluate and manage its impact and to identify good practices for mitigation. In order to reduce the impact of natural disasters, it is necessary to involve stakeholders, decision-makers, practitioners and scientists and the local people, in a dialogue to identify ways to improve the focus on best practices for disaster reduction. The objective is to develop EOPOWER actions in order to bring together all actors that have a role in disaster reduction, this will be done through:

  1. Roadshow activities to promote the increased use of EO products and services for environmental applications, including capacity building;
  2. Capacity building for local communities and authorities, in order to use environmental EO information and products to natural disaster monitoring and reduction;
  3. Portfolio of potential EO applications for economic development and environmental management;
  4. Maintenance of the capacity building web part of the GEO web portal;
  5. Establishment of local focal points (nodes) that actively promote and provide capacity building on the use of EO for environmental applications, with emphasis in natural disasters monitoring and reduction, effectively and at low cost;
  6. Creation of a sustainable and permanent technology transfer structure among the members/countries in the region.

Task T12.1- Promotion of increased use of EO products/services for natural disasters monitoring and reduction
Latin America has a long history and tradition with natural disasters monitoring and reduction. Most countries and some regions have disaster reduction agencies, such as CENAPRED in Mexico and CEPREDENAC
for Central America. Since the 1990s geo-information has become an integrated part of disaster reduction initiatives, the UNESCO-sponsored Regional Action Programme for Central America (RAPCA) serves as an example. The application of Earth observation products and services for risk management is, however, still not fully appreciated by the actors involved in disaster reduction. This task will therefore focus on promoting the use of EO products/services for natural disasters monitoring and reduction. As most of the target groups know about the added value of geo-information the step to the adoption of Earth observation is not a big one. The task is divided in three parts: promotion activities themselves, demonstration of best practices through a web application and support to, and promotion surrounding, capacity building activities that are already taking place as part of the regular activities of the organizations involved.

  • Roadshow activities in partnership with Campus México/CRECTEALC, GEODESASTRES-SUL/INPE-CRS and space agencies from Latin America,
  • Delivery of up-to-date information about EO for natural disaster monitoring and reduction through the GEODESASTRES-SUL website,
  • Capacity building activities (regular training and on line) in partnership with Campus México/CRECTEALC, GEODESASTRES-SUL/INPE-CRS and space agencies from Latin America, Civil Defence Agencies and universities.

Task T12.2- Promotion of EO applications for economic development
Although the geo-information sector, including the remote sensing sector, is growing in Latin America, service provision by the private sector in the area of risk reduction is virtually non-existent until now. The focus of the business sector has been mainly on the provision of basic topographic data and derived products. Services
in the area of disaster risk management have been carried out by government agencies or by scientists, not always on a structural basis. It is of course true that government (local, national, regional) is the main client for products and services in the field of risk management (not counting some interesting experiments with insurance companies), but this public demand can for a large part be provided by the private sector, which probably can carry out a number of tasks more efficiently. The objective of this task is to show business opportunities, on the one hand by providing access to scientific and technical material that can be used for business development (for example in the form of technology incubators as spin-offs from universities), but also by showing examples of successful applications that are already operational. These examples come preferably from the region, but instances from other EOPOWER project regions can also be used, of course. To do this effectively, points of contact in each country will be identified, in the form of individuals or organizations that are able and willing to be nodes for the dissemination of the results. A great boost is expected from the availability of information and data from the GEOSS Common Infrastructure. This leads to the following three activities:

  • Delivery of up-to-date information and uptake of scientific and technical reports about the best practice examples (focusing on the countries in the region) of the EO applications for natural disasters monitoring and reduction,
  • Delivery of up-to-date information about the use of EO for natural disaster monitoring and reduction through the website of the Mexico Campus of CRECTEALC,
  • Establishment of local focal points (nodes) in partnership with policy makers, Civil defence Agency and the space agencies in the region

Task T12.3- A sustainable and permanent technology transfer structure for the members/countries in the region
The previous two tasks focus on the promotion of Earth observation and business development. As an additional support measure a third task is implemented that aims at firmly embedding the achievement in
the regular operations of organizations. The need for a sustainable and permanent technology transfer structure will be complemented by a continuing dialogue with stakeholder. To this effect a minimum of three dissemination / capacity building seminars will be organized in the region to inform interested parties about new development, but also to receive feedback from the participants. These interested parties can have a quite different background, for example, both the Brazilian government and organizations, such as Greenpeace Amazonia, expressed interest in Earth observation applications for environmental management, including natural disasters (forest fires). In addition, and in cooperation with the other project partners, a portfolio of
EO applications that serve both economic development and environmental management will be developed specifically for the Latin American region. In summary, the activities are the following:

  • Three dissemination/capacity building seminars
  • Establishment of a portfolio of potential EO applications for economic development and environmental management

Deliverables

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Unige Envirospace logo UNIGE

HCP international logo HCP

 IRD

 SRC

cuni logo CUNI

SANSA logo SANSA

CRASTE logo CRASTE-LF

auth partner logo AUTH

 CNR

 UNS

 ITC

 INAOE

 TUBITAK